Nieuwsopen brief

Vijftig oud-regeringsleiders en buitenlandministers: ‘Trumps Midden-Oostenplan herinnert aan apartheid’

Het recente Amerikaanse plan voor vrede tussen Israël en de Palestijnen heeft kenmerken van apartheid. Dat is het harde oordeel van een brief die donderdag werd gepubliceerd en ondertekend door vijftig voormalige regeringsleiders en ministers van Buitenlandse Zaken uit heel Europa. 

De Joodse nederzetting Mitzpe Yeriho op de Westelijke Jordaanoever.Beeld AP

De ondertekenaars van de brief roepen de huidige EU-leiders op om het plan te veroordelen en alles in het werk te stellen om de uitvoering ervan te voorkomen. Het plan van president Trump ‘formaliseert de bestaande werkelijkheid in de bezette Palestijnse gebieden, waarin twee volkeren zonder gelijke rechten naast elkaar leven’, stellen de oud-bewindslieden. 

De landkaart die bij het plan is gevoegd, toont ‘Palestijnse enclaves onder permanente Israëlische militaire controle, die beangstigende associaties oproepen met Zuid-Afrikaanse bantoestans’. De briefschrijvers verwijzen daarmee naar de rassenscheiding en discriminatie tijdens het apartheidsbewind in Zuid-Afrika, tot eind vorige eeuw. Ze zeggen de term apartheid ‘niet lichtzinnig‘ te gebruiken.

Een steen des aanstoot is de annexatie van Joodse nederzettingen in bezet gebied. Premier Netanyahu heeft aangekondigd dat hij die maatregel zal nemen, met instemming van de Amerikanen. Volgens de Europeanen is annexatie strijdig met internationaal recht.

De brief aan de zittende Europese leiders is volgens betrokkenen een initiatief van de Britse oud-minister Jack Straw, de Fransman Hubert Védrine en de Deen Mogens Lykketoft. De Nederlandse ondertekenaars zijn de oud-ministers Jozias van Aartsen (VVD) en Bert Koenders (PvdA). Ook topdiplomaat Robert Serry, voormalig VN-gezant in het Midden-Oosten, staat op de lijst.

Arabieren in Israël willen bij Israël blijven. ‘Tweederangsburgers, maar we kunnen een fatsoenlijk leven leiden’
In het vredesplan van de Amerikaanse president Trump mag Israël de joodse nederzettingen con­fis­queren. De Palestijnen krijgen in ruil een stukje land van Israël, waar vooral Arabieren wonen. Dat idee valt bijzonder slecht bij de inwoners van dat gebied.

Lees de complete (Engelstalige) brief hieronder: 

As Europeans dedicated to promoting international law, peace and security worldwide, we express our deep concern about President Trump’s Middle East plan, titled “Peace to Prosperity”.

The plan contradicts internationally agreed parameters for the Middle East peace process, relevant UN resolutions, including Security Council Resolution 2334, and the most fundamental principles of international law. Instead of promoting peace, it risks fuelling the conflict – at the expense of Israeli and Palestinian civilians alike and with grave implications for Jordan and the wider region. It has been met with widespread opposition in the region, in Europe and in the United States.

The plan allows for annexation of large and vital parts of the occupied Palestinian territory and legitimises and encourages illegal Israeli settlement activity. It recognises only one side’s claims to Jerusalem and offers no just solution to the issue of Palestinian refugees. It projects a future Palestinian “state” without control and sovereignty over its fragmented territory. The map featured in the plan proposes Palestinian enclaves under permanent Israeli military control, which evoke chilling associations with South Africa’s bantustans.

“Peace to Prosperity” is not a roadmap to a viable two-state solution, nor to any other legitimate solution to the conflict. The plan envisages a formalisation of the current reality in the occupied Palestinian territory, in which two peoples are living side by side without equal rights. Such an outcome has characteristics similar to apartheid – a term we don’t use lightly.

The international community, particularly the European Union, must prevent such a scenario from unfolding, in order to preserve the dignity and rights of the Palestinians, the future of Israeli democracy and the wider international rules-based order.

We welcome the statement by EU High Representative Josep Borrell stressing the EU’s continued commitment to a two-state solution based on the 1967 borders, in accordance with the international parameters. We fully agree with the EU that Israeli “steps towards annexation, if implemented, could not pass unchallenged”, as they would impair the fundamental international norm banning the acquisition of territory by force.

Considering the urgency of the situation, we call on Europe to reject the US plan as a basis for negotiations and to take immediate and effective steps to counter the threat of annexation – and thereby preserve the international rules-based order.

Douglas Alexander, Former Minister of State for Europe and Secretary of State for International Development, United Kingdom

Ben Bradshaw, Former Minister of State for the Middle East, United Kingdom

Gro Harlem Brundtland, Former Prime Minister, Norway

John Bruton, Former Prime Minister, Ireland

Micheline Calmy-Rey, Former Foreign Minister and President, Switzerland

Ingvar Carlsson, Former Prime Minister, Sweden

Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz, Former Foreign Minister and Prime Minister, Poland

Daniel Cohn-Bendit, Former Co-President of the European Greens-European Free Alliance Group in the European Parliament, Germany

Joe Costello, Former Minister of State for Trade and Development and Chair of the European Affairs Committee, Ireland

Willy Claes, Former Foreign Minister and NATO Secretary General, Belgium

Massimo d’Alema, Former Foreign Minister and Prime Minister, Italy

Teresa Patrício de Gouveia, Former Foreign Minister, Portugal

Dominique de Villepin, Former Foreign Minister and Prime Minister, France

Ruth Dreifuss, Former President, Switzerland

Alan Duncan, Former Minister of State for Europe and the Americas and Minister of State for International Development, United Kingdom

Espen Barth Eide, Former Foreign Minister, Norway

Jan Eliasson, Former Foreign Minister and UN General Assembly President, Sweden

Uffe Ellemann-Jensen, Former Foreign Minister and President of the European Liberals, Denmark

Benita Ferrero-Waldner, Former Foreign Minister and European Commissioner for External Relations, Austria

Sigmar Gabriel, Former Foreign Minister and Vice-Chancellor, Germany

Peter Hain, Former Minister of State for the Middle East, United Kingdom

Lena Hjelm-Wallén, Former Foreign Minister and Deputy Prime Minister, Sweden

Trinidad Jiménez, Former Foreign Minister, Spain

Tom Kitt, Former Minister of State for Overseas Development and Human Rights, Ireland

Bert Koenders, Former Foreign Minister, the Netherlands

Martin Liedegaard, Former Foreign Minister, Denmark

Mogens Lykketoft, Former Foreign Minister and UN General Assembly President, Denmark

Sven Mikser, Former Foreign Minister, Estonia

Per Stig Møller, Former Foreign Minister, Denmark

Holger K. Nielsen, Former Foreign Minister, Denmark

Andrzej Olechowski, Former Foreign Minister, Poland

Marc Otte, Former EU Special Representative to the Middle East Peace Process, Belgium

Chris Patten, Former Vice-President of the European Commission, United Kingdom

Hans-Gert Pöttering, Former President of the European Parliament, Germany

Jacques Poos, Former Foreign Minister, Luxembourg

Vesna Pusić, Former Foreign Minister and Deputy Prime Minister, Croatia

Mary Robinson, Former President and United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Ireland

Jacques Santer, Former Prime Minister and President of the European Commission, Luxembourg

Karel Schwarzenberg, Former Foreign Minister and Deputy Prime Minister, Czech Republic

Robert Serry, Former UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process, the Netherlands

Javier Solana, Former Foreign Minister, NATO Secretary General and EU High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy, Spain

Michael Spindelegger, Former Foreign Minister and Vice-Chancellor, Austria

Jack Straw, Former Foreign Secretary, United Kingdom

Gareth Thomas, Former Minister of State for International Development, United Kingdom

Erkki Tuomioja, Former Foreign Minister, Finland

Ivo Vajgl, Former Foreign Minister, Slovenia

Jozias van Aartsen, Former Foreign Minister, the Netherlands

Frank Vandenbroucke, Former Foreign Minister, Belgium

Hubert Védrine, Former Foreign Minister, France

Sayeeda Warsi, Former Cabinet Minister and Foreign Office Minister for the United Nations, Human Rights and the ICC, United Kingdom

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